The many decrees issued by sponsors and coordinators as well as higher education policy resolutions of the federal government and cantons make the common benchmarks of the Swiss qualifications framework indispensable.
Universities focus on theory- and research-based scientific education. The Master's degree is the standard qualification.
Universities of Applied Sciences
Universities of applied sciences focus on practical, occupationally-qualifying education, which requires students to apply scientific knowledge and methods as well as creative and artistic skills, depending on the subject area. Usually, a Bachelor’s degree qualifies a graduate for a profession.
Graduates of the second-level degree of universities of applied sciences can attain a doctoral degree through cooperative partnerships with universities.
Universities of Teacher Education
As science-based professional schools, universities of teacher education focus on the training of teachers and pedagogical professionals for all levels. The third level of study (doctorate), which qualifies students to independently develop scientific findings, is offered by universities and other institutions of the higher education sector.
Graduates of the second-level degree of universities of teacher education can attain a doctoral degree through cooperative partnerships with universities.